Healthcare infrastructure of erstwhile Hyderabad

Hyderabad is a city with rich heritage and cosmopolitan culture. It had world class infrastructure facilities even before it became the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. The following photos are a testimony to the state-of-the-art healthcare facilities Hyderabad had before 1956.


1) Osmania Hospital: OGH is one of the oldest hospitals in India located at Afzal Gunj, Hyderabad. The current building was built in 1925.

2) Gandhi Hospital : Started in 1853 as Prince Edward Memorial Hospital. Name changed to Gandhi Hospital in 1956

3) Kothi ENT Hospital: Was built by Raja Pratap Narsing Giriji as a 75 bedded hospital. Was taken over by Government in 1966

4) Unani Hospital, Charminar: Built by Seventh Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan in 1930. It is an architectural marvel even to this day.

 5) Fever Hospital: Was established on 1915. It was shifted to Koranti in 1923. The hospitals name was changed to Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases in 1997. Its a 330 bedded hospital.

6) Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda: Started in early 1900s. It was converted to a full-fledged Institute of Mental Health in 1953

7) Jajgi Khanaa Hospital: Started in 1867 by the grand daughter of Nizam Mir Mahabub Ali Khan. It is a maternity hospital, which is renowned in surrounding districts if Hyderabad like Ranga Reddy, Mahabubnagar and Nalgonda. Even today it serves about 1000 patients per day.

8) The “MNJ Cancer Hospital & Radium Institute,”: a 40 bedded Hospital was established by Nawab Mehdi Nawaj Jung and inaugurated by the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 8 th December, 1955

9) AP General and Chest Hospital, Erragadda: Built nearly a century ago and donated by the VII Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan, the hospital is built on a sprawling 65 acre campus.

10) Niloufer Hospital:  This is the largest children’s hospital in Andhra Pradesh. Named after princess Niloufer Khanum Sultana (1916-1989)

This hospital was inaugurated in 1953 although the planning started in 1948.

11) Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS, Punjagutta): In the late 50s Mir Osman Ali Khan was visiting Osmania General when he saw a boy, whose one leg was amputated. He suddenly stopped and enquired whether the hospital had facilities to put in artificial limb to the boy. The doctors informed him that such a facility was available in Pune. He called famous orthopedic surgeon Dr.Ranga Reddy to plan for an orthopedic hospital at Nizam’s expense. And thus was born NIMS.


12) Afzal Gunj hospital in early 1900s

Other famous hospitals of the erstwhile Hyderabad:

– Princess Durru Shewar hospital for Children and Women–Purani Haveli
– Princess Esra Hospital–Shah Ali Banda

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