Kakatiya Kala Thoranam: A symbol of Telangana’s historical and cultural identity

The Kakatiya Kala Thoranam stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of the Kakatiya dynasty, who were popular for people-centric governance. Contrary to the view of the current CM Revanth Reddy government who sees the Kala Thoranam merely as a stone construction and a symbol of monarchy, it symbolizes the valor of Telangana, particularly in resisting the Delhi Sultanate’s rule. 

The Kakatiya arch has become an emblem of the triumphs of ordinary people who fought against the invasions of the Delhi Sultans. It is a representation of Telangana’s rich cultural and historical heritage. Now, the Congress government’s decision to remove the symbol from Telangana emblem has stirred a controversy.

Kakatiya arch’s history dates back to 13th century when. the invasions began under Delhi Sultan Jalaluddin Khilji, who attacked Devagiri, the capital of the Yadava kingdom. His successor, Allauddin Khilji, intensified these assaults, seeking to expand his dominion over South India. 

Although the Yadava king quickly capitulated, the Kakatiya kingdom mounted a staunch defense. In 1303, the Khilji forces, led by Malik Fakhruddin and Juna Khan, targetef the Kakatiya stronghold Warangal. Kakatiya warriors, under the leadership of Potuganti Maili and Recherla Venna Bhupalu, heroically fought the invaders, forcing them to retreat. 

The Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, a masterpiece of Kakatiya sculpture, encapsulates the glory and cultural richness of their rule. Crafted without modern tools, it is a symbol of Telangana’s historical and cultural identity. The critics argue that the Congress government’s decision to remove this iconic structure from the state’s official emblem undermines the cultural and historical heritage of Telangana. The decision is perceived as an attack on Telangana’s heritage.